Hyderabad: A fast reply to this query from the current technology is, maybe, Nara Chandrababu Naidu, the Telugu Desam Get together president and former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh.
There are others who argue that although it was Naidu who had initiated the event of the present-day Hyderabad, it was in the course of the regime of his successor late Y S Rajasekhar Reddy, the historic metropolis had grown by leaps and bounds right into a Better Hyderabad, the fifth largest metropolitan metropolis within the nation.
Nicely, Naidu, who assumed cost because the chief minister of mixed Andhra Pradesh in September 1995, undoubtedly performed a significant position in bringing Hyderabad on the worldwide map. Madhapur, which was as soon as a small village on the suburbs of Hyderabad, has grown into an Info Expertise hub with the institution of Hitec Metropolis, Cyber Towers and Thoughts Area.
Naidu introduced IT giants in Hyderabad
Naidu introduced international IT giants like Microsoft, IBM, Oracle, Wipro, Intel and TCS and so forth. to Hyderabad, moreover worldwide establishments like Worldwide Institute of Info Expertise (IIIT), Indian Faculty of Enterprise and so forth. In lower than half a decade, villages like Madhapur, Nanakramguda, Gachibowli and Kothaguda had been reworked right into a world-class metropolis known as Cyberabad.
Not simply Info Expertise, the erstwhile chief minister additionally developed Hyderabad right into a pharma hub and likewise a centre of scientific establishments like Genome Valley. He constructed a global conference centre at Hitex and a number of other star motels got here up throughout his regime, as Hyderabad grew to become a vacationer attraction. He laid basis for the creation of huge infrastructure services like flyovers, worldwide airport at Shamshabad and outer ring highway, which had been accomplished in the course of the regime of Y S Rajasekhar Reddy. Throughout YSR’s regime, Hyderabad Metro Rail undertaking was launched.
And the event was continued and carried ahead at a fast tempo in the course of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi authorities led by chief minister Okay Chandrasekhar Rao. His son Okay T Rama Rao has been making relentless efforts not solely sustained the Model Hyderabad, but additionally enhanced the picture of the town on the worldwide degree.
Nizams, the actual architects of recent Hyderabad
It could solely be deceptive if one says Hyderabad had witnessed all the event in a span of simply two-and-a-half a long time. The 400-year-old metropolis based by Mohd Quli Qutb Shah was identified to the remainder of the world as a distinguished commerce centre for diamonds, pearls and a metropolis of tradition, a lot earlier than it became a worldwide IT hub.
And it was in the course of the interval of the Nizams of Asaf Jahi dynasty from 1724 to 1948, the inspiration for the trendy Hyderabad had been laid. In brief, one can say the actual architects of the trendy Hyderabad had been the Nizams.
It was the Nizams who had created the actual infrastructure services required for a contemporary metropolis – roads, energy, consuming water sources, transport, schooling, healthcare and banking. The Nizams had established industries, business institutions and commerce centres in and round Hyderabad, offering employment alternatives to the folks. That they had proven what the event was all about throughout their regime.
The event of a contemporary Hyderabad was extra evident in the course of the interval of the final Nizam – Mir Osman Ali Khan. Even earlier than his coronation in 1911, he initiated the development of two main consuming water reservoirs for Hyderabad – Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar, which had additionally offered an enduring answer to the floods to the Musi river.
He established the Osmania Basic Hospital, which has nonetheless been a significant healthcare facility for the poor and the center class folks of the Hyderabad. In 1918, he began Osmania College, which offered greater schooling to the folks of all sections of the society and it’s nonetheless one of many prime universities within the nation. He additionally established a number of instructional establishments and made major schooling obligatory for all.
A number of main public establishments – Excessive Court docket, Jubilee Corridor, Nizamia Observatory, Moazzam Jahi Market, Kacheguda Railway Station, State Central Library, Meeting Constructing and Victoria Hospital and so forth. had been additionally constructed in the course of the Nizam period.
The final Nizam additionally established his personal financial institution, the Hyderabad State Financial institution, which later grew to become the State Financial institution of Hyderabad. Hyderabad was the one state which its personal forex. Hyderabad was the one metropolis which had its first airport – Begumpet airport, which had home and worldwide flight companies. He additionally established the Nizam State Railways, which had operated each railways and RTC bus companies.
Even after the merger of the Hyderabad state into the Indian Union, the Nizam didn’t cease his contribution to the event of the Hyderabad metropolis. He established the Nizam Orthopaedic Hospital, which later grew to become the Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences.
So, who must be given credit score to the event of recent Hyderabad?
Nizam’s institutions are actually a historical past
In actual fact, lots of the institutions that got here up in the course of the Nizam’s period have now develop into a part of the historical past, due to the privatisation insurance policies of the so-called fashionable rulers, notably Chandrababu Naidu, who claims himself to be a reformer of the state’s economic system and his successor Y S Rajasekhar Reddy.
The Nizam Sugar Manufacturing unit based by the final Nizam in 1938 at Bodhan in Nizamabad district was the biggest sugar manufacturing unit in the complete Asia these days, offering employment to hundreds of individuals. It has been wound up by the Chandrababu Naidu authorities and offered out to non-public events together with its belongings operating into a whole bunch of crores of rupees.
The Azam Jahi Mills, an enormous textile manufacturing unit established by the final Nizam in 1934 at Warangal, was one of many greatest textile mills until just lately. However it was closed down in the course of the Naidu regime and was lastly transformed into an actual property enterprise in the course of the Rajasekhar Reddy authorities.
Many different institutions constructed in the course of the Nizams like Nizam Observatory and Osmania Basic Hospital outdated constructing are mendacity in utter neglect.
It’s time the Telangana authorities carries ahead the nice legacy of the Nizams, as a substitute of subjecting them to the neglect within the identify of modernisation.