Le Corbusier and his group of consultants, specifically Pierre Jeanerette, Maxwell Fry, and Jane Drew, have been celebrated again and again for his or her imaginative and prescient for the Capital Challenge of Chandigarh. Very seldom can we recognize the massive group of Indian architects and engineers who not solely have been part of Le Corbusier’s group and labored instantly or not directly beneath his steering but additionally have been chargeable for the event of town’s architectural character as soon as Le Corbusier and his associates concluded their energetic affiliation with Chandigarh.
The then-chief engineer of Punjab, Mr PL Varma (Parmeshwari Lal Varma), is one a very powerful figures within the historical past of the making of Chandigarh. He not solely served as a direct affiliate to Le Corbusier through the making of Chandigarh’s iconic buildings but additionally was instrumental, together with Mr. P.N. Thapar, the chief administrator of the Chandigarh undertaking, within the number of the group appointed for this monumental activity of making a brand new capital beneath the patronage of the then prime minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. The Sukhna Lake owes its existence to Mr. P.L.Varma, who realised the potential of constructing a dam over Sukhna Choe. His thought was then additional developed and detailed by Le Corbusier. The group of engineers working with him on the designs of Le Corbusier went on to be instrumental within the making of the picture of a post-Independence Indian structure style. One in all such pioneers was Mr. Mahendra Raj Mehndiratta who was chargeable for the structural design of Corbusier’s Secretariat Constructing within the Capitol Advanced.
M.N. Sharma, the primary Indian chief architect of Chandigarh, had labored instantly beneath Corbusier and Jeanerette. It’s secure to say that until his final day, Ar. M.N. Sharma was actively concerned in maintaining intact the legacy and selling the architectural and concrete values held in Chandigarh. He was additionally a sculptor and artist. A few of his noteworthy impartial tasks are the Fowl Fountain in Sector 17, Curler Skating Rink in Sector 10, and the newest Vacationer Data Centre for the Capitol Advanced, Sector 1.
Mrs. U.E. Choudhary, the primary girl to turn out to be the chief architect of Chandigarh, was additionally part of the core group of architects who labored in collaboration with Le Corbusier. She labored on the extension of the excessive court docket and the proposals for the Museum of Information with him. She additionally assisted Jeanneret along with his furnishings designs and the designing of kinds of authorities housing and colleges. She was the architect of the Residence Science School and Hostel and Ladies’s Polytechnic, Sector 10. Because the chief architect, she was instrumental within the planning of the second part of Chandigarh’s improvement.
Many distinguished Indian architects who have been related to Pierre Jeanerette have been chargeable for the creation of the well being and schooling district and a number of cultural centres of town. The Publish Graduate Medical Schooling and Analysis Institute (PGIMER), Chandigarh was designed by Pierre with Ar. Jeet Malhotra. The PGIMER Analysis Blocks and the Auditorium have been solely designed by Jeet Malhotra. The schooling hub, which is the Panjab College Campus, was designed by Pierre Jeanneret and Ar. B.P. Mathur. A flexible architect in his personal capability, Ar. B.P. Mathur designed among the distinguished landmarks of town, specifically, the Effective Arts Division of the College and the Effective Arts Museum, the Scholar Centre at Panjab College and the Principal Market Block, Sector 17. The Punjab Engineering School, Sector 12 is one other famend establishment that was shifted to Chandigarh from Lahore after the Partition. A brand new campus was then designed in its entirety by Ar. Jugal Kishore Chowdhury. The Chandigarh School of Structure was positioned inside this campus with the intention to allow a relentless dialogue between the disciplines of design and expertise. Ar. Aditya Prakash designed the constructing of the structure school as a mirrored image of Corbusier’s Authorities School of Artwork, Sector 10, on which he had beforehand assisted the grasp architect.
Ar. Aditya Prakash was additionally an artist, sculptor, academician and author par excellence. Other than many private and non-private buildings, he was the person chargeable for the creation of cultural centres within the metropolis. A few of such essential buildings are the Tagore Theatre, Sector 18, Neelam, Ok.C. (now demolished) and Jagat Theatre, Sector 17, and Janj Ghar, Sector 23.
Ar. S.D. Sharma is one other essential contributor to the Chandigarh urbanscape. Up to now, he’s contributing to town by being a proponent of the architectural understanding and concept that Chandigarh represents. A few of his noteworthy tasks are the Sri Guru Gurdwara in Sector 19, Chandigarh Structure and Pure Historical past Museum in Sector 10, and the New OPD Block PGIMER.
Other than the architects and engineers, there are two extra individuals who have been chargeable for creating a singular setting inside the metropolis. They have been Mr. M.S. Randhawa and Mr. Nek Chand. Chandigarh owes its dynamic landscaping to Mr. M.S. Randhawa. Due to him, one can expertise the solace of nature within the Leisure Valley, the Rose Backyard and likewise alongside the arterial roads of Chandigarh. Mr. Nek Chand did one thing very related by way of creating an area of leisure and solace for town residents. His Rock Backyard is a singular area representing the merger of artwork and performance.
Every certainly one of these visionaries has contributed immensely to creating town that we take delight in. The way forward for this metropolis is now within the arms of the residents who’re utilizing and being impressed by the areas created by them. Let’s see the place the brand new technology of architects, engineers, artists and entrepreneurs take town.
The authors, Ar. Shweta Sharma and Ar. Saumya Sharma, are Assistant Professors on the Chandigarh School of Structure. This text is part of the collection of fortnightly articles by college students and school of CCA on the Making of Chandigarh for the LCPJ discussion board.