Sultanpur Nationwide Park, India – WorldAtlas


India is without doubt one of the world’s megadiverse nations, resulting from its distinctive biogeographical location, diversified weather conditions, and immense biodiversity richness. With solely 2.4% of the world’s land space, India harbors greater than 8% of the worldwide biodiversity. To preserve this wealthy biodiversity, a number of vital protected areas have been established all through the nation. Presently, India hosts 18 biosphere reserves, 51 Tiger Reserves, 551 Wildlife Sanctuaries, and 104 Nationwide Parks.

Sultanpur National Park
Blue bulls within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park.  Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

Additionally known as “The Abode of God”, the State of Haryana, located within the northern a part of India and covers an space of 44,212 sq. km. Based on the ‘State of Forest Report 2019’, Haryana has a forest cowl of only one,602 sq. km, which includes about 3.62% of the state’s geographical space. There are a number of protected areas in Haryana which are managed by the State Forest Division. Located within the Sultanpur village, within the Gurugram district of the Indian state of Haryana is, the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. The Park is situated roughly 50km southwest of the nationwide capital – New Delhi and about 15km from town of Gurugram, on the Gurgaon-Farukh Nagar Highway.


Sultanpur National Park
Frequent moorhen within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

The Sultanpur Nationwide Park covers a complete space of 1.43 sq. km and features a core space of 1.21 sq. km containing the primary Sultanpur Lake/Jheel. The Nationwide Park is situated predominantly on a rolling agricultural panorama that’s crisscrossed by a bunch of shallow freshwater lakes and related low-lying marshes. The Sultanpur Jheel is a seasonal freshwater wetland with fluctuating water ranges all year long. This shallow lake is generally fed by waters from River Yamuna’s Gurgaon canal and the overflowing waters of the neighboring agricultural lands. The lake and the marshes flood throughout the monsoon seasons and turn out to be nearly dry throughout the summer time season.

Local weather

The Sultanpur Nationwide Park experiences a ‘tropical local weather’ with sizzling summers and chilly winters. The utmost temperature throughout the summer time months rises to 46°C, whereas the winter temperature falls to 9°C. The Park faces a brief monsoon season from July to the top of August.

Flora And Fauna

Sultanpur National Park
A pink munia within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

The Sultanpur Nationwide Park possesses a wealthy and diversified flora. The Park’s terrestrial vegetation is principally dominated by timber like Acacia nilotica, Prosopis chilensis, Neem, berberis, khair, and so on, and grasses like Ravenna grass and the Khas Khas grass. An in depth space of seasonally flooded sedge marshes is discovered within the northern a part of the primary lake. The Park’s aquatic vegetation consists of Hydrilla sp., Vallisneria natans, Typha angustata, Phragmites sp., Nymphaea stellata, Saccharum munja, and so on. The seasonal aquatic vegetation together with the open grasslands and the factitious mounds and grass islands serves as vital breeding habitat for a lot of resident and migratory birds.

A pair of sarus cranes in the Sultanpur National Park
A pair of sarus cranes within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

The Sultanpur Nationwide Park kinds part of the ‘Central Asian Migratory Flyway’ and hundreds of migratory birds from the international locations of Russia, Turkey, Afghanistan, and Europe go to the park throughout the winter months. The Sultanpur Nationwide Park has been recognized as an Essential Chook Space by BirdLife Worldwide and greater than 320 avian species have been recorded from the Nationwide Park.

Sultanpur National Park
A white-cheeked bulbul within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

A number of the notable migratory birds which are discovered right here embrace the Siberian cranes, rosy pelican, greylag goose, white wagtail, northern pintail, widespread teal, blue throat pipit, spot-billed pelican, black-winged stilt, wooden sandpiper, larger flamingo, black-crowned evening heron, blue-tailed bee-eater, and so on.

Sultanpur National Park
A dragonfly within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

A number of the well-known resident birds which are discovered within the Nationwide Park embrace Black-headed ibis, painted stork, purple sunbird, Asian open-bill stork, widespread hoopoe, darter, cormorants, Indian courser, Eurasian thick-knee, widespread myna, red-collared dove, red-wattled lapwing, crested lark, white-throated kingfisher, Indian curler, black francolin, egrets, Indian spot-billed duck, noticed owlet, and so on.

Along with the avian species, another faunal species similar to Nilgai, Sambar, Golden jackals, wild canine, striped hyenas, Indian porcupine, mongoose, and so on. are additionally discovered within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park.

Temporary Historical past

Sultanpur National Park
An Indian spot-billed duck within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

The Sultanpur space has been named after the Rajput King Sultan Singh Chauhan. Until the late 19th century, the Sultanpur space served as the middle of salt manufacturing for its use in Delhi and different United Provinces of colonial India. Nonetheless, in 1923, the British closed down the salt superintendent’s workplace and had mercilessly thrown all of the salt into the wells. The closure of the salt trade brought on loads of financial misery for the individuals who resided within the Sultanpur area.

Sultanpur National Park
A blue bull within the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

The realm as a sanctuary was first famous by Mr. Peter Jackson, who was an ornithologist and the Honorary Secretary of the Delhi Chook Watching Society. Mr. Jackson wrote a letter to the then Prime Minister of India, Smt. Indira Gandhi concerning the significance of the Sultanpur jheel as a ‘chicken space’ and for the fast must declare the world as a Chook Sanctuary. The significance of this wetland as a ‘chicken space’ was additionally formally highlighted throughout the 1969 IUCN Convention in Delhi. Below the Punjab Wildlife Preservation Act of 1959, the Sultanpur Jheel with an space of 1.21 sq. km, was declared as a “Sultanpur Chook Sanctuary” on April 2, 1971. From the adjoining lands of the villages of Chandu, Sultanpur, Sadhrana, and Saidpur, the Nationwide Park space was carved out and on July 5, 1991, with an elevated 1.43 sq. km space, the sanctuary’s safety standing was upgraded to “Sultanpur Nationwide Park”.


Sultanpur National Park
A shikra in Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

The massive avifaunal range of the Sultanpur Nationwide Park acts as a paradise for ornithologists and birdwatchers. The Nationwide Park additionally serves as an incredible weekend vacation spot and attracts a number of guests from the close by bustling metropolises of Delhi and Gurugram. The Park stays open on all days from 7:00 AM to 4:30 PM and stays closed each Tuesday. 

The perfect time to go to the Nationwide Park is from September to March. As a result of its small dimension and excessive species range, the park might be coated by guests by means of nature walks inside a brief interval.


Sultanpur National Park
Path by means of the tropical and dry deciduous forest of the Sultanpur Nationwide Park. Picture credit score: Sanchi Aggarwal

The Sultanpur Nationwide Park is beneath extreme menace from anthropogenic actions. There was a rise within the building of residential high-rise buildings, noisy sounds of autos from the close by fundamental street, elevated air pollution ranges, tourism stress, and the rampant use of agricultural chemical substances within the adjoining cultivation fields. Subsequently, this can be very essential to implement strict conservation measures and put together a administration plan for the preservation of the lake and its surrounding habitats. 


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