The celebration of India’s first Independence Day was muted in Mysore State.
Whereas India gained Independence, the princely states had two choices — to hitch the Indian Union or declare themselves unbiased.
Though Jayachamaraja Wadiyar, the final Maharaja of Mysore had signed the Instrument of Accession on August 9, 1947, even earlier than India’s independence, he didn’t have readability on the long run plan of action.
On its half, the Mysore State Congress demanded institution of a ‘accountable’ authorities and thus the ‘Mysore Chalo’ satyagraha started, on September 1, 1947.
Kyasamballi Chengaluraya Reddy, who would go on to develop into the primary Chief Minister of Mysuru, listed out the calls for of the Satyagraha: proclamation of the formation of a democratically accountable authorities; formation of an interim ministry and institution of a constitutional committee of round 25 individuals for the drafting of a state structure; and launch of all political prisoners.
Over 40,000 folks had been witness to Reddy’s speech and the unfurling of the Indian Union flag at Subhash Nagar in Bengaluru. Reddy known as upon the folks to march to Mysore Palace. Folks from all 9 districts (now 14) of Mysore, in addition to supporters from exterior the state, started marches in the direction of Mysuru. On September 4, 1947, police arrested Reddy and different Congress leaders and caned the gang.
Curfew in Mysuru
In response, the Maharaja’s authorities imposed curfew in cities, censored newspapers, and closed colleges. On September 6, 1947, police opened hearth at protesters trying to interrupt into the palace, killing one particular person. The federal government then clamped a 48-hour curfew on Mysuru metropolis. The identical day, police overcame crude roadblocks arrange by protesters in Malleshwaram, at Bangalore, and opened hearth at agitated crowds, killing two folks.
On September 9, 1947, three folks — Ramaswamy, Tooranayak and Ranga — had been killed as police opened hearth at agitators in Maharaja’s Faculty and its surrounding areas in Mysuru.
Ramaswamy, a scholar of Hardwick Excessive College, was on his means dwelling, close to Subbarayanakere, when he was caught within the crossfire on the intersection of Jhansi Lakshmi Bai Street and Chamaraja Double Street. Earlier referred to as five-light junction, it was renamed the Ramaswamy circle in his honour.
In all, 20 folks had been killed by police firing throughout Mysore Chalo.
On September 19, metropolis law enforcement officials in Bangalore went on a strike in help of Mysore Chalo and marched from station to station, imploring their colleagues to hitch them.
On September 25, over 8,000 employees in two of Mysuru’s 4 gold mines stopped work. Protesters continued flooding Mysuru metropolis. Lastly, the Maharaja introduced the institution of a brand new authorities on October 24. Thus, Reddy was sworn in as chief minister on October 27, 1947.
He served as chief minister until 1952.